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Cause and Management of Infertility

One major problem that affects the relationship between couples id infertility where a female is unable to get pregnant or even carry a pregnancy to full term or a male being unable to make a fertile female pregnant. There are various causes of infertility in both male and female although they vary in intensity in the both genders. Various causes of infertility in men include immune infertility which interferes with sperm motility and transportation after ejaculation and may be caused by surgery, trauma, breakdown of a man’s blood-testis barrier, prostatitis, infections, and cancer. Conditions such as varicocele among others may make the testes to produce low or poor quality sperms which is also a cause of infertility in men. Infertility also occurs when there is hormonal imbalance as well as poor health condition in the body due to conditions such as obesity, coeliac disease, drug and substance abuse, DNA damage and epigenetic conditions.

Women who suffer from infertility are highly stigmatized in their societies and it usually occurs from diseases, poor nutrition as well as uterus malformations. Causes of infertility in women are categorized into three including genetic, acquired or can also be due to the location of the infertility problem in the female reproductive systems. Genetic causes of infertility in women includes chromosomal abnormalities which may be as a result of various mutations of the sex chromosomes. Advancement in age, smoking tobacco, sexually transmitted infections, obesity and eating disorders, chemotherapy diabetes, coeliac disease, kidney and liver diseases among other are some of the acquired factors that lead to infertility in women. On the location in the reproductive organs in female, infertility may occur as a result of genetic defects on the ovaries, endometriosis and tubal occlusion in the fallopian tube, fibroids and malformation in the uterus, antisperm antibodies in the cervix, as well as vaginal obstruction.

When a person is doing diagnosis for infertility, it is important to visit certified health clinics that have professionals in reproductive health who are likely to identify the cause of infertility and recommend the most suitable treatment. Various male infertility treatment method includes surgery, taking of vitamin E medication as well as hormonal therapy and they have to be administered depending on the underlying cause of the infertility. In most cases depending on the cause, management of infertility in female is usually done through prevention of the cause of the infertility. Leading a lifestyle that is healthy with abundant exercises and reduced uptake of caffeine, alcohol and smoking are some of the methods that a female can use to prevent infertility. Other methods that one can use to reduce infertility is ensuring that they don’t advance in age before getting a baby, freezing the eggs which preserve fertility as well as preventing or treating existing conditions that may lead to infertility.

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